SOFT Syndrome: The First Case in Iran

Document Type : CASE REPORT


1 Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Imam Hossein Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Primordial dwarfism (PD) is a group of rare genetically heterogeneous disorders consisted of disorders with intrauterine growth retardation continued through the life. SOFT syndrome with characteristics of short stature, onychodysplasia, facial dysmorphism, and hypotrichosis has been presented as a subtype of PD. Only 20 cases of SOFT syndrome have been reported in world to date, but none of them were not in Iran. Our case was 6.5-year-old girl with a complaint of growth retardation including height of 97 cm (Z = −4.6 standard deviation [SD]) and weight of 14 kg (Z = −4 SD) referred to growth clinic. She had a prominent forehead, triangular face, short limbs, malformed nails, and crowded teeth and her psychomotor function was normal. Laboratory and karyotype tests were normal while she was homozygous for c.G491A mutation of POC1A gene thus SOFT syndrome diagnosis was confirmed for her and recombinant growth hormone therapy was discontinued.


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