The Role of Mas Receptor on Renal Hemodynamic Responses to Angiotensin 1-7 in Both Irreversible and Reversible Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction Rats


1 Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Center for Educational Research in Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Nursing and midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Water and Electrolytes Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences; Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

5 Water and Electrolytes Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences; Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences; IsfahanMN Institute of Basic and Applied Sciences Research, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) alters the expression of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components and angiotensin 1-7 (Ang 1-7) as a main arm of RAS is affected by UUO. The role of Mas receptor antagonist (A779) was examined in renal hemodynamic responses to Ang 1-7 in 3-day UUO and UUO removal (RUUO) in rats. Materials and Methods: Forty-five male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of sham operated, UUO, and RUUO, while each group was divided into two subgroups treated with vehicle or A779. Renal blood flow (RBF) and renal vascular resistance (RVR) responses to graded Ang 1-7 infusion were measured at controlled renal perfusion pressure. Results: Mean arterial pressure response to Ang 1-7 was increased in vehicle-treated subgroup significantly (P < 0.05) when compared with A779-treated subgroup. However, such observation was not seen in UUO and RUUO rats. The graded Ang 1-7 infusion increased RBF and decreased RVR significantly in vehicle-treated rats (P < 0.005). Furthermore, a significant difference was found between vehicle and A779-treated subgroups in sham, UUO, and RUUO groups (P < 0.005). Conclusion: Ang 1-7 could alter the kidney hemodynamics responses in ureteral obstruction models.


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