Evaluation the treatment outcomes of intracapsular femoral neck fractures with closed or open reduction and internal fixation by screw in 18-50-year-old patients in Isfahan from Nov 2010 to Nov 2011


1 Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of General Physician, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: There is conflict of interest in the treatment of intracapsular femoral neck fractures and the outcomes. The aim of this study was evaluation the treatment outcomes of closed and open reduction and internal fixation with screw in 18-50-year-old patients.
Materials and Methods: This clinical randomized study was conducted in Ayatollah Kashani Center in Isfahan from Nov 2010 to Nov 2011. In 42 patients selected in a randomized manner, fractures were reduced by closed reduction or open if necessary and C-ARM was controlled in AP and lateral plans. Movement range and femur pain severity were evaluated according to Visual analogue Scale (VAS) score at 3 and 6 months after surgery. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18. Chi-square, t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution, mean, and mean deviation were used.
Results: Forty-two patients with femoral neck fracture were treated by open [31 patients (73.8%)] or closed reduction [11 patients (26.2%)] and also osteosynthesis. Their mean age was 47.3 ± 9.8 years; 29 of them were males and 13 were females. Twelve patients had bad range of motion (ROM) (28.6%), 16 had intermediate ROM (38%), and 14 had good ROM (33.4%). After 6 months, 12 patients (28.6%) had bad ROM, 10 (23.8%) had intermediate ROM, and 20 (47.6%) had good ROM. There were 11 cases of non-union (35.5%) in the open reduction group and 4 in the closed group.
Conclusion: This study showed that femoral neck fracture is associated with several complications, especially if open reduction was necessary. So, the surgical method and necessary equipments such as radiolucent bed, C-ARM machine, and implant cannulated screw set should be considered.


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