Aspirin resistance and ischemic heart disease on Iranian experience


1 Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan, Iran

2 Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction are the most common causes of mortality and morbidity all over the world. Aspirin resistance is an important part of therapeutic failure in patients who experience several atherosclerotic events despite aspirin therapy. Different studies have reported aspirin resistance between 5% and 45% all over the world.
According to different responses to aspirin therapy in countries and lack of adequate studies on aspirin resistance in Iran, this study was designed for evaluation of aspirin resistance in ischemic patients.
Materials and Methods: Total 170 patients with documented coronary artery stenosis with were enrolled in this cross-sectional prospective study. Two cc urine samples were obtained from all the subjects. Then a questionnaire including questions about major risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, obesity and smoking) was completed for each patient. Thromboxane B2 level in urine was measured two times for each patient by one kit of via ELISA method. Gensini modified was usedfor assessment of severity of coronary arteries involvement. Data were analyzed via SPSS 16. with general linear model (univariate).
Results: 75.3% of studied patients were aspirin resistant. There was significant relationship between angiography score and aspirin resistance (P<0.001).Our results also showed that aspirin resistance is more common in studied women than men (P=0.003).Significant correlation was observed between diabetes and aspirin resistance in studied subjects (P=0.023).
Conclusion: Our study showed aspirin resistance in a sample of Iranian ischemic patients is so prevalent which is higher than other studies in another communities and also aspirin resistance is more common in patients with severe CAD.


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