Investigating of microsatellites instability in patients with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer in Isfahan


1 Department of Immunology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Microsatellites or simple sequence repeats are repeating sequences of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Mutation in mismatch repair (MMR) genes can cause microsatellites instability (MSI) in some tumors. In familial disorder of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), there is a defect in the mechanism of MMR and clearly defective MMR cause unstable microsatellites. This study has been conducted for investigating the instability of microsatellites in alleles of BAT-26 of MSH2 gene in patients with HNPCC in Isfahan, which is an important prognostic biomarker for the prediction of the treatment outcome.
Materials and Methods: DNA extraction from forty HNPCC patients peripheral blood samples were performed by using the DNA extraction kit. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) reaction to amplify BAT-26 was performed. The PCR products were studied by electrophoresis on agarose gel.
Results: The size of specific band was 121 bp out of 40 HNPCC samples and based on the above method, it was shown that 12 cases (30%) demonstrated MSI. Chi-square test showed this difference is statistically significant (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: The present study was conducted to evaluate the MSI in HNPCC patients. It was determined that the polymorphisms in BAT-26 of MSH2 gene could detect MSI with high sensitivity. Previous reports as well as our results have shown that the use of BAT-26 alone would be sufficient to identify HNPCC-associated MSH2 gene. Identifying MSI in these genes as a marker for prognosis, according to the present study and other researches is important to predict the treatment outcomes.


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