A survey of outcome of adjustable suture as first operation in patients with strabismus


1 Department of Ophtalmology, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran


Background: Adjustable suture used for years to improve the outcome of strabismus surgery. We surveyed outcome of our patients with strabismus who underwent adjustable suture.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was performed at Ophthalmology Centre of Feiz Hospital in Isfahan on 95 participants that candidate for adjustable suture strabismus surgery. Patients were divided into three age groups: Under 10 years, 10-19 years, and 20 years and over. Outcome of adjustable suture surgery consequence of residual postoperative deviation was divided into four groups: Excellent, good, acceptable, and unacceptable.
Results: Out of 95 patients studied, 51 (53.7%) were males and 44 (46.3%) were females. The mean of deviation angles were 53.8 ± 17.9 PD (Prism dioptres) in alt XT, 44.5 ± 12 PD in alt ET and 52 ± 13.5 PD in const ET, 47.1 ± 13.1PD in cons XT, respectively. There was no significant difference between the groups (P = 0.051). Results of surgery were in 38 patients (40%) excellent, in 31 patients (32.6%) good, in 19 patients (20%) acceptable, and in 7 patients (7.4%) unacceptable. Seven (7.4%) patients required reoperation.
Conclusions: In the present study, the frequency of re-operation was much lower than other similar studies (7.4% vs. 30-50%). This suggests that the adjustable technique that used in our study can be associated with lower reoperation than other adjustable techniques used in the other similar studies.


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