Salivary IgA and IgG in oral lichen planus and oral lichenoid reactions diseases


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Torabinejad Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Epidemiologist, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: The objective of this study was to assess the level of salivary IgA and IgG in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid reactions (OLR) patients as diagnostic factors to the differential diagnosis of OLP, OLR diseases.
Materials and Methods: Saliva sample were obtained from 50 OLP, 50 OLR patients and 50 healthy subjects between April 2010 and October 2011. The clinical relevant data taken into account were: Demographical data, previous medication, and level of salivary IgA and IgG. Each sample was assessed to determine the level of salivary IgA by ELISA test and salivary IgG by radial immune diffusion.
Results: The mean of salivary IgA and IgG in patients were 119.01 ± 114.18 mic/ml and 3.25 ± 1.81 mic/ml, respectively. There were no significant differences for salivary IgA and IgG between OLP and OLR, but the mean of salivary IgA and IgG in OLP and OLR patients were significantly more than normal group (P-value < 0.05). The cut-off value was set at >72 mic/ml for salivary IgA in both OLP and OLR groups and set at >3.7 mic/ml for salivary IgG. On comparing the AUCs, there was no significant difference between AUCs for IgA (0.715 ± 0.05vs. 0.69 ± 0.5, for OLP and OLR patients, respectively,P-value = 0.7) and IgG (0.681 ± 0.05 vs. 0.548 ± 0.06, for OLP and OLR patients, respectively, P-value = 0.1).
Conclusions: Our results showed that the level of salivary IgA and IgG in OLP and OLR patients is higher than healthy controls, but they cannot be used as diagnostic factors to the differential diagnosis of OLP and OLR.


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