The early outcome of single-incision versus multi-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy


1 Professor of General Surgery, Fellowship of Colorectal Surgery, Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Biostatistics Medical School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Department of Surgery, Al-Karama Teaching Hospital Medical College, Wasit University, Wasit, Iraq

6 Department of Colorectal Surgery, Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

7 Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Research Center for Health Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

8 Department of General Surgery, Fellowship of Colorectal Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is a newly developed method of performing cholecystectomy and has been increasingly used. The aim of this study is to see if SILC has any advantages over conventional (three-port) laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC).
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 52 patients who underwent SILC (group A) during the period from May 2011 to March 2013 were compared with 62 patients who underwent CLC (group B) at two centers affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in Shiraz, Iran. Data were gathered on operation time, pre- and postoperative complications, patients' postoperative pain, pain reliever use, duration of hospital stay, and return to work, and these data were compared using SPSS software version 16.
Results: The mean age of patients was 38.01 ± 13.24 in group A and 44.82 ± 15.11 in group B. Mean body mass index (BMI) was 23.97 ± 4.78 and 26.22 ± 4.67 in groups A and B, respectively. The mean operation time was 76.4 ± 29.0 min in group A and 72.9 ± 24.1 min in group B (P = 0.496). Preoperative complications were 3.8% in group A and 0 in group B (P = 0.206). Postoperative complications were 17.3% in group A and 11.3% in group B (P = 0.423). The mean for early postoperative pain revealed no significant difference (P = 0.814), but the mean pain on discharge was significantly higher in group A patients (P = 0.034). Regarding the mean admission time and return to normal activity, we found no significant differences.
Conclusion: SILC does not have any special advantages over CLC with regard to surgical outcomes, but it can be a safe alternative to CLC, especially in patients concerned about cosmoses.


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