Design, formulation and evaluation of Aloe vera chewing gum


1 Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy and Novel Drug Delivery Systems Research Cente, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy and Isfahan Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Aloe verahas antioxidant, antiinflammatory, healing, antiseptic, anticancer and antidiabetic effects. The aim of the present study was to design and evaluate the formulation of Aloe verachewing gum with an appropriate taste and quality with the indications for healing oral wounds, such as lichen planus, mouth sores caused by cancer chemotherapy and mouth abscesses as well as reducing mouth dryness caused by chemotherapy.
Materials and Methods: In Aloe verapowder, the carbohydrate content was determined according to mannose and phenolic compounds in terms of gallic acid. Aloe verapowder, sugar, liquid glucose, glycerin, sweeteners and different flavors were added to the soft gum bases. In Aloe verachewing gum formulation, 10% of dried Aloe veraextract entered the gum base. Then the chewing gum was cut into pieces of suitable sizes. Weight uniformity, content uniformity, the organoleptic properties evaluation, releasing the active ingredient in the phosphate buffer (pH, 6.8) and taste evaluation were examined by Latin square method.
Results: One gram of Aloe verapowder contained 5.16 ± 0.25 mg/g of phenolic compounds and 104.63 ± 4.72 mg/g of carbohydrates. After making 16 Aloe verachewing gum formulations, the F16 formulation was selected as the best formulation according to its physicochemical and organoleptic properties. In fact F16 formulation has suitable hardness, lack of adhesion to the tooth and appropriate size and taste; and after 30 min, it released more than 90% of its drug content.
Conclusion: After assessments made, the F16
formulation with maltitol, aspartame and sugar sweeteners was selected as the best formulation. Among various flavors used, peppermint flavor which had the most acceptance between consumers was selected.


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