Prevalence of Chondrocalcinosis in Patients above 50 Years and the Relationship with Osteoarthritis

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Rheumatology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Radiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Some studies showed a relation between chondrocalcinosis and osteoarthritis (OA). Hence, considering the importance of chondrocalcinosis diagnosis andnecessity for its integration with OA, the current study aims at investigating prevalence of chondrocalcinosis in patients above 50 years admitted to Isfahan Al-Zahra Medical Center and its relationship with OA. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 600 patients who referred to the radiology units of Al-Zahra Hospital for radiography of different joints were studied during 2013–2014. The patients images were studied for chondrocalcinosis and OA by a radiologist and also examined clinically and results of imaging by an expert rheumatologist. The prevalence of chondrocalcinosis and it relation with OA was determined by Statistical Package for Social Sciences software and using of Chi-square and t-test. Results: 23 patients under study had chondrocalcinosis (3.83%). patients with chondrocalcinosis had higher age average, and they were in age group of 70 years and older, but no significant difference was observed regarding the prevalence of the disease in both genders. Chondrocalcinosis prevalence in terms of body mass index showed significant differences (P = 0.001). All patients with chondrocalcinosis had a history of joint disease and prevalence of chondrocalcinosis in terms of joint disease history showed a significant difference (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Prevalence of chondrocalcinosis is relatively high in the Iranian population of 70 years and older. Hence, more investigation considering to the diagnosis of chondrocalcinosis among patients with OA is very important.


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