Efficacy Comparison of Divided and Infusion Intravenous Pantoprazole Methods after Endoscopic Therapy in Patients with Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: Intravenous pantoprazole administration in patients with severe bleeding under urgent endoscopic therapy is effective. Furthermore, its infusion dose is useful to control bleeding; however, it is not economical. In this study, clinical outcomes and intravenous infusion of pantoprazole after endoscopic therapy plus efficacy of infusion dosage and divided doses are compared. Materials and Methods: This prospective, comparative study conducted on 18 adult (>18 years) patients referred to Al Zahra Hospital for hematemesis and melena bleeding who underwent endoscopic treatment with pantoprazole which divided into two groups of forty patients. First group received intravenous infusion for 80 mg and 8 mg/h. The second group received intravenous infusion with divided doses as 40 mg twice daily for 3 days. Clinical outcomes such as rebleeding, duration of hospitalization, amount of blood transfused, and mortality within 3 days after endoscopic treatment were collected and analyzed by SPSS software (version 20) using independent t-test, Chi-square test, and Fisher's exact test. Results: Duration of hospitalization in the pantoprazole infusion group was 5.42 ± 4.62 days, with three patients (7.5%) having rebleeding, and in the divided pantoprazole group was 5.90 ± 3.08 days, with four patients (10%) having rebleeding, and overall, only one person died in the divided pantoprazole group (2.5%) out of eighty patients. No significant difference was observed between two groups in terms of clinical outcomes (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Regarding to results, it can be stated that both methods with specified dosage had significant impact on improvement of hematemesis and melena. Furthermore, due to lower costs, low dose of pantoprazole in divided approach as 40 mg/12 h is proposed.


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