Preventive Effect of Maternal Forced Exercise on Offspring Pain Perception and Intensity: The Role of 5-HT2 and D2 Receptors

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Razi Institute for Drug Research, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: Many previous studies showed that maternal forced exercise can reduce some central disorders in offsprings, but its clear mechanism remains unclear. In this study, the role of 5-HT2 and D2 receptors in neuroprotective effects of maternal forced exercise in offspring neurodevelopment and effect on some behaviors were evaluated. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight pregnant rats were trained by forced exercise, and some behavioral assays in their offspring were performed in the presence and absence of 5-HT2 and D2 receptor antagonists in various experimental groups. Results: Our data showed that maternal forced exercise caused increase in latency of pain perception in offsprings in hot plate test, writhing test (WT), and tail flick test. Furthermore, a decrease in intensity was shown by WT. On the other hand, treatment of mothers by forced exercise in combination with 5-HT2 and D2 receptor antagonists could inhibit these effects of forced exercise and cause disturbances in pain perception and intensity. Conclusion: Our data suggested that maternal forced exercise causes protective effects on offspring pain perception and intensity, and in this effect, 5-HT2 and D2 receptors are probably involved.


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