Background: In this study, we compare the level of two inflammatory markers, high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT), in pregnant women with mild and severe preeclampsia (PE) and women with normal pregnancy. Materials and Methods: In this case–control study, normal pregnant women and pregnant women with PE were enrolled. Pregnant women with diagnosed PE were selected as case group and classified into two groups with mild and severe PE. Serum samples for measurement of hs-CRP and PCT were obtained and compared in studied groups. Results: In this study, 50 normal pregnant women and 59 pregnant women with PE, 26 (44.1%) mild, and 33 (55.9%) severe were studied. Mean of hs-CRP and PCT was higher in pregnant women with PE than normal pregnant women (7.71 ± 6.19 vs. 5.44 ± 3.94, P = 0.02 for hs-CRP and 0.05 ± 0.03 vs. 0.04 ± 0.01, P = 0.001 for PCT). Area under curve for hs-CRP and PCT was 0.611 and 0.646, respectively. The optimal cut-off point for hs-CRP was 5.24 with a sensitivity of 62.7% and a specificity of 56%. The optimal cut-off point for PCT was 0.042 with a sensitivity of 71% and a specificity of 54%. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that higher level of hs-CRP and PCT in pregnant women with PE than those with normal pregnancy could potentially explain the exaggerated inflammation in PE. Regarding significantly increased level of hs-CRP in severe PE than mild PE, we could suggest that hs-CRP is more appropriate marker for investigating pregnant women with severe PE, and its clinical usefulness is superior to PCT in this regard.
Farzadnia M, Ayatollahi H, Hasan-Zade M, Rahimi HR. A comparative study of serum level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1) and high sensitive C – Reactive protein (hs-CRP) in normal and Pre-eclamptic pregnancies. Iran J Basic Med Sci 2013;16:689-93.