Investigation of Frequency Distribution of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) Classification and Epidemiological Factors Related to Breast Cancer in Iran: A 7-year Study (2010–2016)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Radiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Medical school, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Background: The first cause of women mortality due to cancer is breast cancer. Mammography plays a central part in early detection of breast cancers. The screening methods can play a major role to reduce the morbidity and mortality rate due to this malignancy. We sought the basic data in this study on our population because knowing about the baseline data is apt and vital. Materials and Methods: In this study, data were collected from a questionnaire, contained baseline bio data information, and mammographic imaging of the patients came during 7 years. Breast imaging reporting and data system (BIRADS) score, breast composition, presence of axillary lymph nodes, microcalcifications, and other incidental positive findings were determined by a radiologist and analysis was performed by SPSS package. Results: The most common indication for mammography was annual screening. The mean age of participants to the study was 55 ± 7.9 years. The majority (80%) of the patients with known breast cancer (BIRADS 6) had the extremely dense breast. The most common incidental findings in mammogram studies were focal asymmetry, architectural distortion, intramammary lymph node and accessory breasts, respectively. Conclusion: The frequency distribution of BIRADS classification in our society was clarified. It seems that the breast cancer risk is higher in women with dense breasts. Architectural distortion was also correlated to BIRADS score.


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