Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the main causes of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. Evidence shows that oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathophysiology of the PE. As catalase is a key enzyme in antioxidant enzymatic defense which protects cell from oxidative damage, in this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between CAT-21A/T (rs7943316) polymorphism and PE susceptibility. Materials and Methods: This case–control study was conducted on 155 PE women and 159 normotensive pregnant women. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used for genotyping. Results: There was no association between CAT-21AT and TT genotypes and PE susceptibility. However, the CAT-21A/T polymorphism was associated with 1.6-fold higher risk of PE in dominant model (AA vs. AT + TT) (odds ratio [OR] 1.6 [95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.9–2.9]; P = 0.04). However, the CAT-21A/T polymorphism was not associated with PE in recessive model (TT vs. AA + AT) (OR 1.3 [95% CI: 0.8–2.1]; P = 0.4). Conclusions: The CAT-21A/T polymorphism could be a risk factor for PE susceptibility in dominant model.
Hernández-Guerrero C, Hernández-Chávez P, Romo-Palafox I, Blanco-Melo G, Parra-Carriedo A, Pérez-Lizaur A, et al. Genetic polymorphisms in SOD (rs2070424, rs7880) and CAT (rs7943316, rs1001179) enzymes are associated with increased body fat percentage and visceral fat in an obese population from central Mexico. Arch Med Res 2016;47:331-9.
Mistry HD, Gill CA, Kurlak LO, Seed PT, Hesketh JE, Méplan C, et al. Association between maternal micronutrient status, oxidative stress, and common genetic variants in antioxidant enzymes at 15 weeks' gestation in nulliparous women who subsequently develop preeclampsia. Free Radic Biol Med 2015;78:147-55.