Vitamin A-Related policies in Iran: Document analysis

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology; Department of Food and Nutrition Policy and Planning Research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Departments of Health Management and Economics; Department of Global Health and Public Policy, School of Public Health; Health Equity Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: There are one-third of children in the world with Vitamin A deficiency. The prevalence of vitamin deficiency in children aged 15–23 months in Iran has increased 18 times and in rural areas. The present article aims to an analysis of related documents to the existing policies on this vitamin in our country. Materials and Methods: This study is a descriptive study using a quantitative content analysis approach to analyze nutritional policy documents. Results: We extracted six themes at the first stage of analysis (based on common policies in the world), which were reduced to two final themes: “Direct interventions” and “Indirect interventions.” There were also six subthemes and eight issues. Conclusions: It seems that policymaking must revise these documents and also making new policy decision with more emphasis on micronutrient.


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