A child of congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with homozygous missense variation in exon 3 of the ISPD Gene: A rare case from Odisha

Document Type : CASE REPORT


1 Department of Pediatrics, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

2 Department of Pediatrics, Jagarnnath Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India


Dystroglycanopathy is a type of congenital muscular dystrophy caused by mutations causing defective glycosylation of a dystrophin-associated glycoprotein, dystroglycan and as such is a very rare disease entity. We are reporting a 1-year-old girl child with dystroglycanopathy who presented with motor predominant developmental delay. She had motor development quotient of 52, mental development quotient of 75, facial dysmorphism, mixed hypotonia with a global decrease in muscle power, and areflexia. Serum CPK level was elevated; magnetic resonance imaging brain revealed multiple intraparenchymal cysts in the cerebellum with disorganized folia. Next-generation sequencing revealed a homozygous missense mutation in exon 3 of the ISPD gene (p.Gln215His; ENST00000407010) consistent with the diagnosis of dystroglycanopathy muscle-eye-brain disease. Genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for subsequent pregnancies were advised for the family, apart from appropriate rehabilitation for the child.


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